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"ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL INDIA" by Poonam Dalal Dahiya free pdf download

"ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL INDIA" by Poonam Dalal Dahiya free pdf download

"ancient and medieval Indian history": Syllabus of the pre mains UPSC UPPSC and State Service examinations General Studies are pretty comprehensive in nature due to this reason Ancient and Medieval History has emerged as one of the important and best components of UPSC syllabus. Many aspirants find history a boring factual subject that has to be crammed and is not a fun to learn.
It is indeed difficult for any new aspirant to cover it comprehensively in a short span of time. The very purpose of writing this book is to break this myth and to make the learning of history a joyful process.
"ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL INDIA" by  Poonam Dalal Dahiya free pdf download


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This book "ancient and medieval Indian" has a completely new approach towards the study of Ancient and Medieval History. It attempts to make the learning of history simple and interesting and provides a one-stop solution to all your history needs.
The book ancient and medieval Indian history is structured in a way that it is in sync with each and every topic in the syllabus. The information is given in an interesting format to make one comfortable with history.
Special Features of this ancient and medieval Indian history Book Comprehensive coverage of entire syllabus pertaining to Ancient and Medieval History demanded UPSC, State Services and other competitive exams.
The inclusion of two comprehensive detachable quick revision charts each pertaining to Ancient and Medieval history to simplify the learning process. In every chapter, the keywords have been highlighted so that it becomes easy for the reader to make a quick reference to important points.
Ample diagrams are included in the chapters to provide conceptual clarity about historic events. Along with the repository of last year’s questions (both Prelims and Mains), practice questions are provided for each chapter to make students practice, assess and master the particular topic.
Use of simple and lucid language to cater to the needs of students of different backgrounds. The last chapter is more of an epilogue and is provided in the form of notes since it caters to certain crucial early modern India topics which are generally asked in the examination.

"ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL INDIA" by Poonam Dalal Dahiya free pdf download

The English word ‘history’ comes from the Greek Historia, meaning “inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation”. It corresponds to the study of the past and throws light on various past events of significance which shaped and evolved human experiences. History is further divided into pre-history, proto-history, and history. Events occurring before the invention of writing are considered the domain of prehistory, which is generally represented by the three stone ages.
Defining proto-history is rather difficult as it has different connotations. Generally, it refers to a period between prehistory and history, during which a culture or civilization has not yet developed writing but are mentioned in the written records of a contemporary literate civilization.
For example, the script of the Harappan civilization remains undeciphered; however, since its existence is noted in Mesopotamian writings, it is considered a part of proto-history. Similarly, the Vedic civilization from c. 1500–600 BCE had an oral literary tradition, though they did not take to literary writing — they can thus be considered a part of proto-history as well.
Archaeologists consider Neolithic and Chalcolithic cultures to be a part of proto-history. The study of the past after the invention of writing and the study of literate societies based on the written and archaeological sources constitutes history.
The history and identity of human settlements in India go back to prehistoric times. The credit for doing an early extensive study of Indian pre-history go to Robert Bruce Foote, who discovered what was probably the first paleolithic tool discovered in India — the Pallavaram handaxe.
 Later, he discovered a large number of prehistoric sites in South India. The contribution of Sir Mortimer Wheeler is equally significant, as his efforts greatly contributed towards our knowledge of the pre-historical cultures of India and their sequence.
On the basis of geological age, the type and technology of stone tools, and subsistence base, the Indian Stone Age is classified primarily into three types:
Indian Stone Age:
Old Stone Age, Paleolithic Age (5,00,000−10,000 BCE)
Late Stone Age, Mesolithic Age (10,000−6000 BCE)
New Stone Age, Neolithic Age (6,000−1000 BCE)
The term ‘early medieval’ denotes the intermediate period between the ‘ancient’ and the ‘medieval’. This period in India is marked by feudalism, political fragmentation, and the formation and proliferation of various states at the regional level. In south India, especially, this period is viewed more as a period of segmentary statehood, wherein the king acted more like a ritual head and did not have a firm revenue infrastructure or a standing army.
For simpler understanding, the period from c. 600−1200 CE can be roughly classified into primarily two phases, different for north and south India respectively: The period from c. 600−750 CE in north India, dominated by the Pushyabhutis of Thaneswar and the Maukharis of Kannauj, and correspondingly, the period from c. 600−750 CE in South India which included three major states, that of the Pallavas of Kanchi, the Chalukyas of Badami and the Pandyas of Madurai.
The period from c. 750−1200 CE in North India can be further divided into two phases:
Phase I from c.750−1000 CE, which was marked by the age of three important empires, the Gurjara Pratiharas in north India, the Palas in eastern India, and the Rashtrakutas in Deccan.
Phase II from c.1000−1200 CE, which is primarily known as the age of conflict and breakdown of the tripartite powers into many smaller kingdoms all over the country.
For example, in northern India, the disintegration of the Pratihara empire brought to the forefront various Rajput states under the control of different Rajput dynasties such as the Chahamanas (Chauhan), Chandellas, Paramaras of Malwa, and so on. These states would eventually go on to fight and resist the Turkish attacks from northwest India led by Mahmud Ghazni and Mohammad Ghori in the 11th and 12th centuries, but they had to yield ultimately as they failed to stand united against the invaders. This section is dealt with in the next chapter.
The period from c. 850−1200 CE in South India saw the supremacy of the Cholas. Even though India was politically divided during these years, this era added new and rich cultural elements in the fields of art, literature, and language.


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